International Literacy Day


International Literacy Day originated with the aid of UNESCO in 1967, is an annual consciousness day that marks the significance of literacy to all international locations and cultures. Since 1967, International Literacy Day (ILD) celebrations have taken vicinity yearly around the globe to remind the general public of the significance of literacy as a matter of dignity and human rights, and to improve the literacy schedule toward an extraordinarily literate and sustainable society.

Despite development occurred, literacy-demanding situations persist with at least 773 million young people and adults lacking basic literacy skills today. Although great progress has been made in enhancing literacy rates in the more than fifty years since the first International Literacy Day, illiteracy still prevails as a global problem. 

Literacy as a Wealth:

Literacy is crucial for suitable social and personal human development. Basic literacy abilities equip individuals to convert their lives through enhancing their general widespread standard of living, and in other means stimulate the same old style for wondrous communities. When Sir Francis Bacon first posted in his work, Meditations Sacra (1597), the saying: “recognition itself is power”, he most likely wanted to transmit the idea that having and sharing knowledge is the cornerstone of reputation and influence, and therefore power; all achievements emanate from this.

Literacy strengthens a significant role in eliminating gender, race, nationality, and religious inequality that favors one group over another, that is called as discrimination, in access to education, property, employment, health care, legal, and civic participation. Literacy magnifies “lifelong learning” and builds skills.

Types of Literacy:

Types of literacy are of following categories:

  • Media literacy.
  • Cultural literacy.
  • Financial literacy.
  • Scientific literacy.
  • Information literacy.
  • Critical literacy.

The Lowest Literacy Rate Countries:

The countries with the lowest literacy rate, defined as the ability to read and write at a specified age. The figures given are from 2015, the last year in which UNESCO did a global analysis.

Lowest Literacy Rates.

1. South Sudan 27.0%
2. Afghanistan 28.1
3. Niger 28.7
4. Burkina Faso 28.7
5. Mali 33.4

Why is Literacy Important in Early Childhood?

Having a strong basis in early literacy capabilities is essential to children`s future studying performance. Early literacy improvement starts within the first three years of child’s existence and helps their future language improvement, studying, writing, and typical learning. If a child can’t read, they can’t learn.

Learning to read in the first years of primary school is critical for reservation and success in future grades. Literacy is the cornerstone of development. It leads to better health, better employment opportunities, safer and more stable societies. Literacy is the cornerstone of improvement. It ends in higher health and higher employment remarkably.

21st Century Literacy Skills:

21st Century Literacy skills can be explained as “literacy skills increasingly reflect technology use and the abilities essential to problem-solve, collaborate, and present information through multimedia.”

Three Domains of Early Literacy:

These domains include listening comprehension, oral language, and phonological awareness.

Traditions of the Literacy Day:

Literacy is a blessing regularly taken for granted. Reading is critical in our everyday lives. Navigating via the globe without being capable of examining or writing is hard and is a blockade for experiencing such a lot of things. On International Literacy Day, institutions and people take charge and use their literacy to inspire and help groups that are dealing with problems on the way to examine and write.

Students and hired human beings volunteer to coach children within the community, books are generously donated to libraries, and a student`s training and mastering are subsidized to release their long-lasting success.

Institutions and government- and global corporations marketing campaign for literacy on the grassroots level, in addition to host think tanks and dialogue boards to strategize and put into effect the fine rules for the eradication of illiteracy. They additionally host fundraisers for the cause. A topic is decided about International Literacy Day each year, that’s used as a manner to construct awareness around unique issues.

World Nutrition Day

Historical Background:

National Nutrition Week was initiated in March 1973 by the members of the American Dietetic Association (now the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics) to deliver the nutrition education message to the public while promoting the profession of dietetics. In 1980 the public showed great response towards it and the weeklong celebration expanded to become a month-long observance. This year’s theme, celebrates a World of Flavors, embraces global cultures, cuisines and inclusivity, plus showcases the expertise of registered dietitian nutritionists.

In the year 1982 National Nutrition week celebration was started by the Central Government in India. The campaign was started to spread awareness and encourage people as a society to understand the importance of nutrition and adopt a healthy, sustainable lifestyle. We all know that malnutrition is one of the main hurdles in the overall development of a country which is necessary to overcome and curb it National Nutrition Week is celebrated.

Importance of Nutrition:

World Nutrition Day “” is a large scale, worldwide action project designed to reduce disease related malnutrition among hospitalized patients and nursing home residents. The aim of this project is to increase awareness and knowledge regarding disease related malnutrition in hospitalized patients and the elderly.

The importance cannot be stated enough for maintaining the body’s overall health and wellbeing. “New realities mean that we need to look at food and diet in a new way. It’s important to restrict one’s diet without compromising on nutrition.

Nutrition is the practice of consuming and utilizing foods. Food provides our body with energy, protein, essential fats, vitamins, and minerals to live, grow, and function properly. Therefore, a balanced diet is important for good health and well-being. It is said that an unhealthy diet increases the risk of many diet-related diseases.

Good nutrition has many benefits as follows:

 Good nutrition helps to manage a healthy weight, maintains the immune system, and provides energy, delays the effect of aging, reduces the risk of chronic diseases, healthy eating also affects your mood positively; it increases life span and focuses.

Infact the human body requires seven major types of nutrients. All the nutrients don’t provide energy but still are important like water and fiber. Even micronutrients are also important but are required in smaller amounts. The essential organic compounds are vitamins that the body cannot synthesize.


Malnutrition is a physical state of an unbalanced nutrition level. It can be due to undernutrition or overnutrition. Undernutrition can be caused due to a lack of calories, protein, or other nutrients. On the other hand, overnutrition is eating too many calories. Someone eats more calories than their body needs and leads to a malnourished condition.

Maybe they are not eating nutritious food like fruits, vegetables, proteins, whole grains, etc., which can result in vitamin, mineral, or protein deficiencies. Malnutrition especially in young children can lead to stunted growth, developmental delays, and more sickness due to poor immune function. It is important that malnutrition is diagnosed in a timely manner.

Good Nutrition:

“Diet is the essential key to all successful healing. Without a proper balanced diet, the effectiveness of herbal treatment is very limited. Good nutrition will prevent 95 percent of all diseases.”


Easter is a Christian holiday that celebrates the belief in the resurrection of Jesus Christ. In the New Testament of the Bible, the event is said to have occurred three days after Jesus was crucified by the Romans and died in roughly 30 A.D. The holiday concludes the “Passion of Christ,” a series of events and holidays that begins with Lent—a 40-day period of fasting, prayer, sacrifices, and ends with Holy Week. Easter 2021 occurred on Sunday, April 17. However, Easter falls on a different date each year.


The story behind Easter is present in the New Testament of the Bible which narrates how Jesus was arrested by the Roman authorities because he claimed to be the “Son of God”. He was then sentenced to death by Pontius Pilate, the Roman emperor by crucifixion. His resurrection three days later marks the occasion of Easter. This day is also closely associated with the Jewish festival of Passover.

Easter Customs and Traditions:

Easter, like Christmas, has accumulated a great many traditions, some of which have little to do with the Christian celebration of the Resurrection but derive from folk customs. Easter is celebrated as a joyous occasion and the Sunday prior is called Palm Sunday which marks the arrival of Jesus in Jerusalem. Various churches begin the celebration in the late hours of Saturday through a religious service called Easter Vigil.

Easter Eggs:

Easter is a religious holiday, but some of its customs, such as Easter Eggs, are likely linked to pagan traditions. The egg itself became a symbol of the Resurrection. Just as Jesus rose from the tomb, the egg symbolizes new life emerging from the eggshell. In the Orthodox tradition eggs are painted red to symbolize the blood Jesus shed on the cross. Since its origins, Easter has been a time of celebration, feasting, many traditional games and customs developed, such as egg rolling, egg tapping, pace egging, cascarones or confetti eggs, and egg decorating.

Easter Bunny:

The Bible makes no mention of a long-eared, short-tailed creature who delivers decorated eggs to well-behaved children on Easter Sunday; nevertheless, the Easter bunny has become a prominent symbol of Christianity’s most important holiday. The exact origins of this mythical mammal are unclear, but rabbits, known to be prolific procreators, are an ancient symbol of fertility and new life. In some European countries, however, other animals—in Switzerland the cuckoo, in Westphalia the fox, brought the Easter eggs.

 Easter Candy:

Easter is the second best-selling candy holiday in America after Halloween. Among the most popular sweet treats associated with this day are chocolate eggs, which date back to early 19th century Europe. Eggs have long been associated with Easter as a symbol of new life and Jesus’ resurrection. Another egg-shaped candy, the jelly bean, became associated with Easter in the 1930s.

Easter Parade:

The Easter Parade tradition dates back to the mid-1800s in New York City, when the upper crust of society would attend Easter services at various Fifth Avenue churches then stroll outside afterward, showing off their new spring outfits and hats. Average citizens started showing up along Fifth Avenue to check out the action. The tradition reached its peak by the mid-20th century, and Participants often sport elaborately decorated bonnets and hats.

Lamb Foods:

Lamb is a traditional Easter food. Christians refer to Jesus as the “Lamb of God,” though lamb at Easter also has roots in early Passover celebrations. In the story of Exodus, the people of Egypt suffered a series of terrible plagues, including the death of all firstborn sons. Members of the Jewish faith painted their doorposts with sacrificed lamb’s blood so that God would “pass over” their homes. Jews who converted to Christianity continued the tradition of eating lamb at Easter. Historically, the lamb would have been one of the first fresh meats available after a long winter with no livestock to slaughter.

Easter Lilies:

White Easter lilies symbolize the purity of Christ to Christians and are common decorations in churches and homes around the Easter holiday. Their growth from dormant bulbs in the ground to flowers symbolizes the rebirth and hope of Christ’s resurrection. They went on to become the unofficial flower of Easter celebrations across the United States.